Research on tracking systems in post-secondary education by Amy Stich appears in the Journal of Higher Education.
Her paper, "Beneath the White Noise of Postsecondary Sorting: A Case Study of the 'Low' Track in Higher Education," tackles the seemingly benign language used to perpetuate "organizational foundations, hierarchies, and processes that are constituting and constituted by race."
Stich collected data during the 2016–2017 academic year at a regional university, which included more than 50 interviews, roughly100 hours of observation, and review of documents. She uses Victor Ray’s newly conceptualized theory of racialized organizations.
Stich writes that her findings "highlight some of the ways [an institution] legitimates the unequal distribution of resources to students in the 'low' track, diminishes the agency of racially minoritized students..., reinforces Whiteness as a credential, and decouples its commitment to equity and access from policies and practices."
"[T]hose paths remain largely inequitable, run contrary to democratic intention, and restrict or remove individual choice," she said.
Full article available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/00221546.2020.1824481.